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Official name: Arab Republic of Egypt
Capital city: Cairo (population – 17 million)
Area: 1,002,450 square kilometers (387,048 square miles)
Population: 77.5 million
People: Eastern Hamitic (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) make up 99%; Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) make up 1%
Languages: Arabic (official)
Religions: Muslim (mostly Sunni) (90%), Coptic Christian (9%) and other (1%)
Currency: Egyptian pound
Government type: Unitary semi-presidential republic
U.S. – Egypt relations:
The United States and Egypt initiated diplomatic, political, and economic relationships since 1921, following the country’s independence from protectorate status under the United Kingdom. The United States has long provided financial assistance to Egypt to strengthen its economic and military developments. As part of the assistance, the United States encourages Egypt to strengthen its independent civil societies, democratic system of governance, rule of law, inclusive economic growth, and to protect human rights and women rights.
Reference: U.S. State Department