International American Council

International American Council
Middle East and North Africa

Turkey

Official name: Republic of Turkey

Capital city: Ankara; largest city is Istanbul

Area: 783,562 square kilometers (302,535 square miles)

Population: 75.6 million

People: Majority Turks (70-75%). Certain non-Muslim minorities recognized under the Treaty of Lausanne including Jews, Armenians and Greeks. Other ethnic peoples include Kurds (18%), Circassians and Bosnians

Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish

Religions: Turkey is a secular state with no official state religion. Islam is the dominantly practiced religion Turkey; it exceeds 99% (mostly Sunni)

Currency: Turkish lira (TL)

Government type: Unitary parliamentary republic

U.S. – Turkey relations:

The United States and Turkey have established full diplomatic relationships since 1947 when the United States made a commitment to assist Turkey in advancing its economy and stability. The United States has provided loans and grants – around 21 billion dollars – to Turkey. Both countries share common goals of promoting regional security and stability in the Middle East, strategic energy cooperation, trade and investment, security ties, counterterrorism, and human rights progress.

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