Official name: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Capital city: Riyadh
Area: 2,149,000 square kilometers (870,000 square miles)
Population: 29 million
People: Arabs; 8.5 million of the total population are foreigners
Languages: The official language is Arabic, although English is widely spoken in business.
Religions: Islam; about 90% of the Muslim population is Sunni and 10% is Shi’a. Publicly practicing any other religion is illegal
Currency: Saudi riyal (SR)
Government type: Unitary Islamic absolute monarchy
U.S. – Saudi Arabia relations:
The United States and Saudi Arabia established full diplomatic relations in 1940. Saudi Arabia’s unique role in the Arab and Islamic worlds, its possession of the world’s largest reserves of oil, and its strategic location make its friendship important to the United States. The two countries share common concerns and consult closely on regional security, oil exports and imports, and sustainable development, including issues such as the Middle East peace process and shared interests in the Persian Gulf. Saudi Arabia is a strong partner in counterterrorism efforts, providing military, diplomatic, and financial cooperation. It works closely with U.S. law enforcement to safeguard both countries’ national security interests.
Reference: U.S. State Department