Official name: Republic of Iraq
Capital city: Baghdad (population: 3.9 million)
Area: 438,317 square kilometers (169,234 square miles)
Population: 31 million
People: Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian and other 5% (estimated).
Languages: Arabic, Kurdish, Assyrian, Armenian and Turkoman
Religions: Muslim 97%, Christian or other 3% (estimated)
Currency: New Iraqi dinar
Government type: Federal parliamentary constitutional republic
U.S. – Iraq relations:
The United States has made a commitment to assist the government of Iraq and Iraqi people by providing resources and expertise to Afghanistan in a variety of areas, including humanitarian relief and assistance, capacity-building, long-term development, and assistance to vulnerable groups. Additionally, the United States encourages the government of Afghanistan to combat corruption, build upon democratic reforms, women rights, democratic system of governance, and develop a sovereign, stable, pluralistic and self-reliant country. Both countries are signatory to the Strategic Framework Agreement which emphasizes on US-Iraq strategic, diplomatic, political, economic, and security bilateral relationships.
Reference: U.S. State Department