International American Council

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Middle East and North Africa

Turkey

Turkey

Turkey

Official name: Republic of Turkey

Capital city: Ankara; largest city is Istanbul

Area: 783,562 square kilometers (302,535 square miles)

Population: 75.6 million

People: Majority Turks (70-75%). Certain non-Muslim minorities recognized under the Treaty of Lausanne including Jews, Armenians and Greeks. Other ethnic peoples include Kurds (18%), Circassians and Bosnians

Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish

Religions: Turkey is a secular state with no official state religion. Islam is the dominantly practiced religion Turkey; it exceeds 99% (mostly Sunni)

Currency: Turkish lira (TL)

Government type: Unitary parliamentary republic

U.S. – Turkey relations:

The United States and Turkey have established full diplomatic relationships since 1947 when the United States made a commitment to assist Turkey in advancing its economy and stability. The United States has provided loans and grants – around 21 billion dollars – to Turkey. Both countries share common goals of promoting regional security and stability in the Middle East, strategic energy cooperation, trade and investment, security ties, counterterrorism, and human rights progress.

Turkey Archives

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    • France, Germany and UK reiterate claim that Iran has nuclear-capable ballistic missiles December 5, 2019
      Ambassadors from France, Germany and the UK have again alleged that Iran has developed nuclear-capable ballistic missiles, in a joint letter addressed to the United Nations Secretary-General officially released by the UN on Wednesday.
    • 12 demonstrators killed in Baghdad
      At least 12 demonstrators were killed and 22 others wounded Friday when gunmen in several vehicles opened fire on a protest site in central Baghdad, medical sources and activists told CNN, marking one of the most violent days in the Iraqi capital for weeks.
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