International American Council

International American Council
Middle East and North Africa

Syria

Syria

Syria

Official name: Syrian Arab Republic

Capital city: Damascus

Area: 185,180 square kilometers (71,498 square miles)

Population: 22.5 million

People: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians and others 9.7%

Languages: Arabic, French, Kurdish and English

Religions: Sunni Muslim (72%); Alawi Muslim (14%); Christian (12%); Shia Muslim and Druze minorities

Currency: Syrian pound (also called Lira – LSYR)

Government type: Dominant-party unitary semi-presidential state

U.S. – Syria relations:

The United States established diplomatic relations with Syria in 1944 following U.S. determination that Syria had achieved effective independence from a French-administered mandate. Syria severed diplomatic relations with the United States in 1967 in the wake of the Arab-Israeli War. Relations were reestablished in 1974. Syria has been on the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism since the list’s inception in 1979. Because of its continuing support and safe haven for terrorist organizations, Syria is subject to legislatively mandated penalties, including export sanctions under the Syrian Accountability Act and ineligibility to receive most forms of U.S. aid or to purchase U.S. military equipment.

 

Reference: U.S. State Department

Syria Archives

  • RSS Latest News – Recent Posts

    • Under pressure in Syria, ISIS looks to Libya to plot terror attacks May 25, 2017
      Even as the so-called Islamic State has lost territory and men in Libya, it has maintained an underground network of cells in some of the most populous parts of the country. That network, according to security forces in the capital Tripoli, supported the Manchester suicide bomber Salman Abedi and his younger brother Hashim.
    • Gunmen open fire on bus carrying Coptic Christians: 26 dead May 26, 2017
      Unidentified gunmen in Egypt opened fire on a bus carrying Coptic Christians, killing several people, Egypt's state news agency MENA reported, citing security sources.
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