International American Council

International American Council
Middle East and North Africa

Syria

Syria

Syria

Official name: Syrian Arab Republic

Capital city: Damascus

Area: 185,180 square kilometers (71,498 square miles)

Population: 22.5 million

People: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians and others 9.7%

Languages: Arabic, French, Kurdish and English

Religions: Sunni Muslim (72%); Alawi Muslim (14%); Christian (12%); Shia Muslim and Druze minorities

Currency: Syrian pound (also called Lira – LSYR)

Government type: Dominant-party unitary semi-presidential state

U.S. – Syria relations:

The United States established diplomatic relations with Syria in 1944 following U.S. determination that Syria had achieved effective independence from a French-administered mandate. Syria severed diplomatic relations with the United States in 1967 in the wake of the Arab-Israeli War. Relations were reestablished in 1974. Syria has been on the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism since the list’s inception in 1979. Because of its continuing support and safe haven for terrorist organizations, Syria is subject to legislatively mandated penalties, including export sanctions under the Syrian Accountability Act and ineligibility to receive most forms of U.S. aid or to purchase U.S. military equipment.

 

Reference: U.S. State Department

Syria Archives

  • RSS Latest News – Recent Posts

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      Iran has displayed a new ballistic missile which it claims has a range of 2,000 kilometers (about 1,250 miles), a semi-official news agency in the Islamic Republic reported on Friday.
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      Iran will not violate the international deal that lifted sanctions in exchange for curbs on Tehran's nuclear program, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said Wednesday, adding that it would be a "great pity" if "rogue newcomers" destroyed the deal.
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